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al-Qistās al-Mustaqīm
The Just Scales

Module Description

‘The Just Scales’ is the first of three works by Imam al-Ghazali that demonstrate propositional logic’s relevance and importance through the Quran and how it delivers its arguments. Significantly, Imam al-Ghazali explains our intuitive reliance on logic and how it allows us to express beliefs and general opinions or assertions without contradiction.

The book is set in a dialogue between Imam al-Ghazali and a follower of the Batiniyya school, regarded by Ahl al-Sunna wa-l-Jamaa as a heretical group due to their extreme esoteric beliefs. In citing the verse Q57:25, 

‘Indeed, We sent Our messengers with clear proofs, and with them, We sent down the Scripture and the scales of justice so that people may administer justice.’ 

The mention of ‘scales of justice’ indicates the importance of constructing well-formed, fair and balanced arguments. That is achieved by assessing proposition(s) against the rules of logic that weigh up an argument for being valid or invalid based on the terms used to express it. When there is an under or over-compensation, it will result in the scales being imbalanced. Unlike a persuasive and incontestable argument would mean the scales are balanced. 

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al-Qistas al-Mustaqim – The Just Balance

(Imam) Ghazali is Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad, Abu Hamid Hujjat ai-Islam al-Ghazali al-Tusi

(Imam) Ghazali is Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad, Abu Hamid Hujjat ai-Islam al-Ghazali al-Tusi, the Shafi’i Imam, Proof of Islam, and Sufi adept born in Tabiran, near Tus Gust north of present-day Mashhad, Iran), in 450/1058. The Imam of his time, nicknamed Shafi’i the Second for his legal virtuosity, he was a brilliant intellectual who first studied jurisprudence at Tus and then travelled the Islamic world to Baghdad, Damascus, Jerusalem, Cairo, Alexandria, Mecca, and Medina, taking Sacred Knowledge from its masters, among them the Imam of the Two Sanctuaries Juwayni, with whom he studied until the Imam’s death, becoming at his hands a scholar in Shafi’i law, logic, tenets of faith, debate, and in the rationalistic doctrines of the philosophical schools of his time, which he was later called upon to refute. When Juwayni died, Ghazali debated the Imams and scholars of Baghdad in the presence of the vizier Nizam al-Mulk, who was so impressed that he appointed him to a teaching post at the Nizamiyya Academy in Baghdad, where word of his’ brilliance spread and scholars journeyed to hear him. ...Read More


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Shaykh Thaqib Mahmood

Shaykh Thaqib has travelled to numerous places over the last 10 years in pursuit of sacred knowledge. This began at several deen intensives with Shaykh Hamza Yusuf from whom the impetus to his seeking sacred knowledge belongs. After travelling to Morocco he went to Hadramawt to the village of Tarim where he sat at the feet of the spiritual Masters and jurists including Habib Umar bin Hafiz.

He travelled to Damascus a number of times and studied under Shaykh Muhammad Darwish, Shaykh Abdul Wahaab Shaykh Muhammad al Yaqoubi, Shaykh Adnan al Majd, Shaykh Maree al Rashid and Shaykh Khalil al Sabbagh. His travels also led him to Mauritania to study with Murabit al Hajj, to Liverpool to study with Shaykh Siraj Ud-Din and to Istanbul at the feet of the gnostic and friend of Allah, Shaykh Mahmud Effendi; and studied with Shaykh Ehsaan Hojah and Shaykh Muhammed Ameen Siraj.”

Shaykh Thaqib has been teaching on Sacred Study for 12 years and part of the Fountain teacher for now over 22 years.


INPERSON – Bury Park Community Centre, 161, 161b Dunstable Rd, Luton LU1 1BW
ONLINE – ZOOM – (Details will be provided closer to the time)


Starting – 27th April 2024 for 10 weeks
Saturday – 11.30AM to 12.30PM (In person & Online)

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