The Just Scales
‘The Just Scales’ is the first of three works by Imam al-Ghazali that demonstrate propositional logic’s relevance and importance through the Quran and how it delivers its arguments. Significantly, Imam al-Ghazali explains our intuitive reliance on logic and how it allows us to express beliefs and general opinions or assertions without contradiction.
The book is set in a dialogue between Imam al-Ghazali and a follower of the Batiniyya school, regarded by Ahl al-Sunna wa-l-Jamaa as a heretical group due to their extreme esoteric beliefs. In citing the verse Q57:25,
‘Indeed, We sent Our messengers with clear proofs, and with them, We sent down the Scripture and the scales of justice so that people may administer justice.’
The mention of ‘scales of justice’ indicates the importance of constructing well-formed, fair and balanced arguments. That is achieved by assessing proposition(s) against the rules of logic that weigh up an argument for being valid or invalid based on the terms used to express it. When there is an under or over-compensation, it will result in the scales being imbalanced. Unlike a persuasive and incontestable argument would mean the scales are balanced.
al-Qistas al-Mustaqim – The Just Balance
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